Conceptual frames

Vsebina zavihka v Slovenščini

Samo Pavlin, University of Ljubljana:
Varieties of Higher Education Domains and Employability Determinants

This paper starts with a question if high level of graduates acquired competencies is really the most desirable result of higher education systems. Moreover, it questions in what way learning and teaching modes determine early career success of graduates in relation to social background, experiences gained outside higher education curricula and overall status of HE institutions in the relevant environment. Paper presumes there is no universal answer to these questions but there are rather substantial differences across countries and fields of studies – not only in degree but also in kind. Hence, it takes a critical distance to those approaches who are surveying national HE systems as black boxes.

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Kerstin Janson, University of Kassel - INCHER Kassel:
Content of a Graduate Survey Questionnaire

The section overviews typical contents of graduate survey questionnaires taking the questionnaire of the REFLEX project as an example of a possible selection of questions and their order. The author finds that it is recommended to include some questions in every graduate survey (core questions), whereas others could be defined as optional.

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Bugay Turhan, Hacettepe University:
The Role of Professional Bodies in Higher Education

The section defines professional bodies as organisations that act as an intellectual and legislative link between professional members and the jurisdiction of their work. It also argues that the co-operation of HE institutions with professional bodies is necessary if the HE is to maintain its public relevance, while on the other hand it is needed to persist with scientific coherence. In the end, the author stresses the importance of further research to monitor the interaction between professional bodies and HE and to suggest ways for this interaction to be properly directed to favourable outcomes for the student, the professions, the higher education sector and society.

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Wolfgang Mayrhofer and Paul Demeter, Vienna University of Economics and Business:
Theoretical backgrounds of graduates’ career success

The authors describe the concept of a career on different layers of influencing factors: person-related aspects, context of origin, context of work, context of society and culture, and global context. This section contributes to the theoretical background for the current conference in order to analyse the role of higher education in creating competencies and their impact on careers.

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Gabriela Grotkowska and Leszek Wincenciak,  University of Warsaw:
Impact of education-related factors on young people’s labour market success

The authors argue that many empirical studies have demonstrated that education-related factors are key determinants of labour market success. It is claimed that education plays an important role in acquiring human capital, improving labour productivity and hence determining one’s future income path (human capital theory). On the other hand, education may be regarded as a signalling device which allows employers to acquire information about the productivity of potential workers: when the quality of workers cannot be directly observable, the higher education level and/or graduation with a better diploma may be thought of as a signal of a greater ability to learn or willingness to provide effort (signalling theory).

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Georg Spöttl, University of Bremen - ITB:
Permeability between Vocational Education and Training and Higher Education – from VET to HE

This section describes the obstacles hidden in the permeability between vocational and academic education and shows ways to shape permeability both horizontally and vertically with a focus on career paths.

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Angelo Paleta, University of Bologna:
What HE management should know about graduate's careers - conceptual/theoretical prespective

Section analyses the HE managerial development towards models of strategic management. Universities require a welldefined understanding of sustainable growth following their specific positions. More precisely, the introduction of new systems for the strategic management of HE institutions has been considered a priority among leaders. The question of how graduates’ employability fits into this concept is crucially important for further HE development.

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This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
Grant Agreement no.: 2009-3670/001-001 

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